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Speech Therapy

Speech Therapy (ST): Speech Therapist also referred to as a Speech-language Pathologist can work with a diverse client group, including people with physical and learning disabilities, hearing loss/deafness, psychiatric disorders or dementia. ST evaluate and treat infants, children and adults who have various levels of impairment with speech production (inappropriate pitch, harsh voice, stuttering, speech rhythm) written language skills, receptive language, expressive language, reading comprehension, fluency, voice, cognitive communication, attention, memory and problem solving disorders. ST can also assist those who wish to improve their communication skills by modifying an accent. They also work with individuals who have swallowing, drinking or eating difficulties. Therapists also work with families on treatment techniques providing ways to modify behavior which impedes communication.

Rehabilitation aims at corrective treatments of physical and cognitive deficits resulting in altered swallowing and communication. Communication includes speech (articulation, rate, intensity, intonation), language (receptive and expressive {reading/writing}) and non-verbal communication (gestures, sign language and the use of picture symbols).

Treatments involve strengthening exercises, repetitive practice, teaching on audio-visual aids and other strategies on functional communication. Therapy improves speech by addressing the phonation, intonation, resonance, and aeromechanics; while language is enhanced by addressing phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and grammar.

Speech-Language Therapy is used to help: